Throughout the world, men who have sex with men MSM are at increased risk for HIV infection compared to heterosexual men. This information is urgently needed to address the HIV epidemic in this population. Participants were recruited using site-specific strategies, that included outreach and informal networks.
The label "men who have sex with men" MSM is used to categorize a diverse population exclusively on the basis of its sexual behavior. Understanding the diversity that this label comprises is critical for the development of health interventions that effectively reach the various populations subsumed under this label. We found significant differences between these two groups in terms of sexual attraction, sexual identity, sexual preferences, sexual histories, and current sexual practices.
The down low is a term used to refer to men who are in relationships with women, but who also have sex with men MSM. This deeply problematic term started in the black community, and is a reflection of problematic stereotypes of black MSM. However, this type of behavior is not unique to African Americans.
Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response. Not all submitted comments are published.
Archives of Sexual Behavior. Using data from a study about HIV risk among Black South African MSM, we aimed to ascertain whether unexpected findings about the relationship between gender nonconformity, discrimination, and mental health in this population, as reported by Cook, Sandfort, Nel, and Richcould be replicated, and to explore more in-depth how gender nonconformity relates to health. Cook et al.
Rofhiwa Mlilo is a year-old single mother who sells sex for a living in a small town in South Africa. Unlike the alternative of picking fruit on local farms, sex work provides her with enough money to support her two children. Mlilo, whose name I have changed for her protection, would prefer if her job selling sex was protected by law so that she could be sure to make it home safely to her children every night.
Down-low is an African American slang term  that typically refers to a subculture of black men who usually identify as heterosexual, but who have sex with men ; some avoid sharing this information even if they have female sexual partner sthey are married, or they are single. The term originated in the Black community, and was originally used to describe "any kind of slick, secretive behavior, including infidelity in heterosexual relationships". According to a study published in the Journal of Bisexuality"[t]he Down Low is a lifestyle predominately practiced by young, urban Black men who have sex with other men and women, yet do not identify as gay or bisexual".
When sex means reproduction, certain proclivities may simply not be part of cultural models of sexuality. Barry and Bonnie Hewlett had been studying the Aka and Ngandu people of central Africa for many years before they began to specifically study the groups' sexuality. As they reported in the journal African Study Monographsthe married couple of anthropologists from Washington State University "decided to systematically study sexual behavior after several campfire discussions with married middle-aged Aka men who mentioned in passing that they had sex three or four times during the night.
Skip to content. Sima not her real name lives in a small, dilapidated house in a sprawling township on the outskirts of Cape Town, South Africa. Most nights, she and her siblings go to bed hungry.